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There is a brief family history by Elizabeth Powers in the library. Originally a Philadelphia lumber merchant, Watson was appointed an alderman in In he was chosen to succeed Robert Wharton as mayor of Philadelphia. He had married Harriet Snowden in about ; they had no children. Also included are pleas from prisoners seeking clemency, letters from victims and alleged criminals concerning larceny and other crimes, and letters and papers from various agents and law enforcement officials in southern towns concerning the kidnapping of Philadelphia free blacks who were then sold into slavery.
A few bonds, receipts, and copies of legal documents supplement the correspondence. The volume was continued by his wife, Judith, as domestic accounts after Wilson's death in HSP holds numerous sources in print that illuminate and convey the African American experience, both regionally and nationally.
These materials were rehoused and cataloged in In addition, we hold numerous published biographies, accounts, and narratives on such as topics as the African colonization movement, abolitionism, and African American history. Other printed resources in our collections include newspapers and periodicals, which are available in original print format and on microfilm. We also have a variety of periodicals in print, including annual reports from the American Colonization Society dating from the s to the s. Some of our other significant holdings include:.
The Society also has several local newspapers written from African American perspectives, including issues from the Philadelphia Tribune and the Philadelphia Sunday Sun. Additionally, there are issues of the Philadelphia New Observer , which covered a broader range of ethnic and racial topics, and the nationally available African Sun Times.
Most of our serials, both in print and on microfilm, can be found in our online catalog. Our collections contain a wide range of prints and graphic material that showcase the lives and spirits of African Americans regionally and nationally. The Balch Institute ethnic posters collection collection , for instance, contains some African-American-related posters, most dating from the early to late 20th century. There are advertisements for movies, books, plays, festivals, and museum exhibits, as well as several prints and original artworks.
Examples from this diverse collection include:. The Society also has smaller collections of ephemera, advertisements, and movie stills that, while highlighting many different racial and ethnic groups, also contain some images relevant to African American culture.
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For the most part, the Society's broadside collection call numbers starting with "Ab" are cataloged only in our PC1 manuscript card catalog. There are also advertisements for dances, exhibitions, concerts, benefits, and memorial services. Additionally, the collection contains a few reward announcements for runaway slaves, as well as educational circulars arguing both for and against emancipation. Other smaller broadsides collections include the Historical Society of Pennsylvania poster and broadside collection V94 , which contains some Civil War-era material, as well as two collections of Balch Institute broadsides Collections and In some cartoons, such as many from the presidential campaign, African Americans are often reduced to stereotypes or political tools.
The issue of slavery and the free black man dominated these images for decades, and many cartoons were blatantly racist. For instance, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania cartoons and caricatures collection collection is arranged in several boxes by date, and a finding aid provides an item-level inventory. N39 A54 , 12 reels positive See the description of the American Negro Historical Society collection in the Manuscripts and Photographs section of this guide.
A printed guide to the microfilm collection is available at the Reference Desk. Colonization Herald , positive; 1 reel.
This microfilm has not yet been cataloged and is still being processed. Frequency, every 2 weeks. Reel covers Jan. Missing issues; March 4, April 1. Until Feb. Total of three reels, negative: 1 reel not yet processed or catalogued, plus 2 16 millimeter wide reels that are uncataloged but available for viewing in the Greenfield Room, Drawer — call no.
The 2 16 mm. Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church of Philadelphia, dedicated in , was an outgrowth of the movement among Protestant blacks to organize into separate congregations. In a company of blacks in Philadelphia withdrew from the white dominated Methodist Church and under the leadership of Richard Allen built Bethel Church.
In Bethel joined with 16 other congregations to form the African Methodist Episcopal Church with Allen as the first bishop. The class system, which was the early system of the Methodist Church dividing the congregation into Classes, each with a layman as class leader, remained an important part of Bethel's organization late into the 19th century.
Part 1: General record books consists of three official church registers, , , Included in the registers are historical records, class rolls, records of membership, office holders, baptisms, and marriages. The historical records of the first volume contain a transcription of Richard Allen's biography. Part 2: Records of the board of trustees, the controllers and managers of the property of the church, including minutes, , ; account books, , , Part 3: Records on the religious function of the church.
This section contains the records of the corporation a body embracing the entire membership , the official board, the Board of Stewards, the Quarterly Conference, the classes, and the Class leaders. Included in this part are: minutes, , ; account books, , ; Class rolls with records of contributions and disbursements, , Part 4: Records of special organizations and activities, including: minutes of the Union Benevolent Sons of Bethel, a burial society, ; minutes of the United Daughters of Tapsico Society, a benevolent society offering aid to sick members, ; minutes of the Preachers' Association, Philadelphia Conference, ; minutes of the [Richard] Allen Christian Endeavor, ; minutes of the Ushers' Association, ; minutes of church trials of members for breaches of church discipline, , , ; Sunday School roll books, ca.
American Colonization Society records , , reels The society was formed in Washington, D. It purchased land for resettlement on the west coast of Africa in what is now Liberia, and it was initially supported by antislavery groups and by some slave holders. The society continued to be active after the Civil War, helping in individuals who wished to emigrate to Liberia. In the twentieth century it was primarily concerned with the promotion of education in Liberia.
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The collection contains correspondence, financial records, annual reports, minutes and proceedings, legal papers, and miscellaneous papers. The original documents are in the Library of Congress. For related materials see records of the Maryland Colonization Society. Paul Dunbar papers , , 9 reels Dunbar was born and lived in Dayton, Ohio. One of the first African American writers to achieve national prominence, his verse and short stories used Southern black dialect.
However, he moved away from Black stereotypes in his novels. The collection contains correspondence, legal and financial papers, miscellaneous papers, literary manuscripts, newspaper clippings, and scrapbooks. The original collection is in the Ohio Historical Society. Governor's Commission on the Los Angeles Riots records , The commission was formed to investigate causes of race riots in Los Angeles in the summer of and to recommend measures to prevent the recurrence of race-related violence.
ISBN 13: 9780982796627
The collection contains records of the commission, including transcripts, depositions, and consultants' reports. Maryland Colonization Society records, Founded in as an auxiliary of the Washington-based American Colonization Society, its primary functions were to gather funds and recruit colonists for the parent society. It later established a separate colony, Maryland in Liberia, for freed slaves. The collection includes letter books, shipping books, financial records, manumission lists, journals, bills, subscribers' reports, pamphlets, books, and maps.
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The original records are in the Maryland Historical Society. For related materials see the records of the American Colonization Society. Register available. Works Progress Administration. The narratives were compiled from interviews with former slaves conducted by project staff. The original records are in the Library of Congress. Advocate newspaper , , 1 reel. Published weekly in Cleveland, Ohio by Ormond A. Continued by Cleveland Advocate. Atlanta University publications, , 1 reel. Published annually in New York by Harper Series of papers concerning social and political problems of African Americans.
Includes works by W. Du Bois. Bronzeman periodical , , 1 reel. Published monthly in Chicago, Illinois by Fireside Publications. Brownies' Book periodical , , 1 reel. Challenge periodical , , 1 reel. Cleveland Advocate newspaper , , 1 reel. Continues the Advocate Cleveland, Ohio. Color newspaper , , 5 reels. Colored American newspaper , , 1 reel. Colored American Magazine periodical , , 2 reels.